Climate neutrality by 2045
The amended Climate Protection Act („Klimaschutzgesetz“) of the German Federal Government raises the targets for lower CO2 emissions. The reduction target for 2030 increases by 10 percentage points to at least 65 percent. This means that Germany is to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 65 percent by the end of the decade compared to 1990. The higher ambitions also affect the CO2 carbon dioxide reduction targets by 2030 in the individual sectors: energy, industry, transport, buildings and agriculture.
For the year 2040, a reduction target of at least 88 percent applies. On the way there, the law provides for concrete annual reduction targets in the 2030s. By 2045, Germany is to achieve greenhouse gas neutrality: This means that there must then be a balance between greenhouse gas emissions and their reduction. After 2050, the German government aims for negative emissions. Germany should then sequester more greenhouse gases in natural sinks than it emits.
The consequences of climate change - Why do we need to act now?
The consequences of climate change have a direct impact on daily life and health. The emission of greenhouse gases caused by humans causes the climate to change and transform in the long term. The effects can be seen in rising average temperatures, increased sea levels as well as altered climate variability. The following are some examples of areas that are affected:
Climate and weather changes that occur as a result of climate change can have a major impact on human health. However, the increasing number of hot days, extreme weather events and new pathogens not only burden the population, but also animals and plants.
Agriculture is suffering greatly from climate change and has to contend with crop failures in many places due to extreme weather events. Plants suffer from a lack of water or are severely damaged by heavy rainfall. Animals, too, can often no longer be fed with the farm’s own fodder crops.
Climate change has different effects on traffic and infrastructure. Roads and rails will be damaged due to heavy rain or by high temperatures. Construction methods and materials will have to be adapted in the future and larger drainage systems will be required. Traffic safety also decreases due to extreme weather events, such as poor visibility or heat.
The production and use of energy has a strong impact on the climate and entails changes in terms of energy production potential as well as energy demand. For example, these have an impact on the hydrological cycle of hydroelectric power, with warm temperatures increasing the energy demand for air conditioning in summer, while the heating demand decreases in winter.